The Educational System of Sri Lanka Present school system : Today, there are 10,390 government schools. Sri Lanka's education structure is divided into five parts: primary, junior secondary, senior secondary, collegiate, and tertiary. At the end of this there is an optional scholarship examination that may permit access to a superior grade of school. } Additionally, in 2011 girls consistently scored higher than boys in key subjects in the National Assessments of Learning Outcomes. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; Sri Lanka also has many Catholic schools such as St. Joseph's College, St Bridget's Convent, St Peter's College, St. Anthony's College, Kandy and the Joseph Vaz College named after the Sri Lankan saint Joseph Vaz. Still, there are unemployed graduates in Sri Lanka, except in the fields of medicine, information technology, commerce, law and engineering disciplines. Accordingly, in Sri Lanka, primary education is compulsory to all children who are in 5 - 14 years of age. Primary Education. iii. The weekly timetable of primary education can vary between 16 and 24.5 hours, depending on the grade and age of the child. }); if (typeof(child) != 'undefined' && child != null) parent.removeChild(child); Sri Lanka ranked 7th last for primary education, duration > … "learnMore": "privacy & cookie policy. A standard system of colonial schools were begun by the British based on the recommendations of the Colebrooke Commission in 1836. After primary education, the junior secondary level (referred to as middle school in some schools) lasts for 4 years (Grades 6-9) followed b… education institutions with a tradition dating back to 5 BC are largely ignored by the state. The medium was either Sinhala or Tamil. vi. COLOMBO (News 1st): The Ministry of Education has decided to resume school activities from Grade 01 to 05 in all parts of the country, EXCLUDING Western … The first 5 years are spent in primary school. The dates for their resumption will be announced within two weeks, he said. The exam can be taken in one of three languages: Sinhala, Tamil or English. Sri Lanka is a lower-middle-income country with a GDP per capita of USD 3,852 (2019) and a total population of 21.8 million. Chapter 3 Primary Education in Sri Lanka: Towards a Distinct Identity 15 Angela W. Little Sri Lanka’s Remarkable Achievements in Primary Education 15 Curriculum and School Classifications 16 Primary Education Institutions: Grade Span and Type, Size and Control 18 Supplementary Primary Education 20 The schools are mainly for the children of the expatriate community, charge high tuition fees and can therefore provide good facilities and high standards. "domain": "justlanded.com", According to the Ministry of Statistics, today there are approximately 10,012 public schools serving close to 4,037,157 students, all around the island. University Higher education in Sri Lanka has been based on the several prominent pirivenas during the local kingdoms. education of Sri Lanka. These private schools follow the local curriculum set up by the Ministry of Education in the local language mediums of Sinhala, Tamil or English. These divisions have led to a high degree of mismanagement and inefficiency over the years. Sri Lanka spends less on early childhood education than the global average. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU1_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-3').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); The education system of Sri Lanka until colonial times primarily was designed for a small elite in a society with relatively low technology. Primary education lasts five to six years (Grades 1-5) and at the end of this period, the students may elect to write a national exam called the Scholarship exam. Primary school to higher education are primarily funded and overseen by three governmental ministries.[3]. In recent years this has become a lucrative enterprise, which has resulted in successive governments attempting to regulate it. Today 561 Piriven are funded and maintained by the Ministry of Education under the Pirivena Education Act, No, 64 of 1979. The study of Peiris (1976)25 was on the integrated approach to curriculum development in Primary Education in Sri Lanka, and there were some aspects were discussed under the topics of important changes expected from new reform in primary education, how classrooms should be arranged and some of the qualitative developments in 1972. "theme": "light-top" ", "Private Universities and Degree courses in Sri Lanka", Leadership training for university undergrads at 28 centres, Consider postponement of leadership training - SC, University students get marching orders for leadership programme, "Sri Lanka terminates military leadership training in education sector", Official Website of the Ministry of Education, Sri Lanka, Official Website of the Ministry of Higher Education, Sri Lanka, Ministry of Higher Education and Highways, University of the Visual & Performing Arts, Colombo International Nautical and Engineering College, National Institute of Business Management, South Asian Institute of Technology and Medicine, Sri Lanka Institute of Development Administration, General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Defence Services Command and Staff College, Sri Lanka Air Force Junior Command & Staff College, Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka, Ceylon-German Technical Training Institute, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Education_in_Sri_Lanka&oldid=995377997, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ministry of Education Services: for supplying the physical facilities required for general education, Ministry of Skills Development and Vocational Training: for vocational education and technical colleges. This exam allows students with exceptional skills to move on to better schools. There is a wide variety of subjects taught in these schools including: First National Language (Tamil or Sinhala) Second National Language (Tamil or Sinhala) English. Thareeqathul Aroosiyyathil Qaadhiriyyah Association in Sri Lanka, "Major Tuition Institutes Centers in Sri Lanka", "8% of Sri Lankan students study abroad – University don", "Over 7,000 go overseas annually for studies, Island", "පුද්ගලික විශ්වවිද්යාල නිදහස් අධ්යාපනයේ මළගමද? The top students from urban and rural districts get the chances of having tertiary education. Hence, there is 98% Youth Literacy rate - a great achievement for a middle income country. Department of Muslim Religious and Cultural Affairs. The prominent semi government schools are Wesley College, Colombo, Zahira College, Colombo, St. Joseph's College, Colombo and St. Peter's College, Colombo. [6] Colebrooke decreed that all government schools be discontinued. EFSL compared various primary education systems in Sri Lanka, the UK, Singapore, Malaysia, and Finland, and noted that Sri Lanka tests its students earliest in comparison to other countries. else if ((width < 1200) && (width >= 768)) { Preprimary education is voluntary and entirely private. There has been a considerable increase in the number of private schools in Sri Lanka, due to the emergence of the upper-middle class during the colonial era. [20], There are only 15 state universities in Sri Lanka. i. Children have between an hour and a quarter and two and half hours of break time per week, depending on their grade. Primary education lasts five years (Grade 1 to Grade 5) and at the end of this period, the students may elect to write a national exam called the Scholarship exam. These few are referred to as famous schools or elite schools since they have a rich history and better maintained facilities than the average public school. Most of these schools were established during the colonial period and therefore are established institutions. Currently there are 66 Private schools (registered before 1960 and not since then) of these, 33 non-fee-levying Assisted Private Schools (also known as semi-government schools) and 33 fee levying autonomous Private Schools, in addition to the Government Schools.[13]. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU2_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-4').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("Channel", "Education"); googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(); However, the Ministry of Education strongly advises all students to continue with their studies at least till the G.C.E Ordinary Level. '&l='+l:'';j.async=true;j.src= In recent years newer schools and several central colleges have been upgraded to national schools from time to time, thereby making the total number of national schools 350.[13]. which dates back to 543 BC. The Anglican Church's monopoly of Government Schools and in education ended following the Colebrooke Commission set up by the British administration. Following 30 years of civil war that ended in 2009, the economy grew at an average 5.3 percent during the period 2010-2019, reflecting a peace dividend and a determined policy thrust towards reconstruction and growth; although growth slowed down in the last few years. [citation needed], There are 749 Muslim schools in Sri Lanka, 205 madrasas which teach Islamic education, and an Islamic university in Beruwala (Jamiya Naleemiya). "target": "_blank", The enrolment rate in public primary schools reached 99% in 2011, which also highlights the success of the Sri Lankan promotion of education. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("URL", "Primary-education"); In recent years this has become a reason for students who do not attend state universities to prefer going abroad or study at other institutes and professional bodies. International schools in Sri Lanka are not restricted to the expatriate community, anyone with the ability and willingness to pay can join these schools. It is free but, by tradition, was not compulsory until 1999, when the Sri Lankan government established new regulations making primary education compulsory as part of … [14] These have been built and maintained by independent Islamic foundations such as All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama and the Thareeqathul Aroosiyyathil Qaadhiriyyah Association in Sri Lanka which propagate Sunnah wal Jamaah. 'https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id='+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f); Make national languages the media of instruction in place of English so that opportunities for higher education, lucrative employment open only to small number of the urban affluent, would become available to others as well. } Sri Lanka categories Sri Lanka ranked first for secondary education, duration > years amongst Hot countries in 2012. The education structure in Sri Lanka has been divided into five levels that are known as primary, junior secondary, senior secondary, collegiate and tertiary level. Rationalize the school system so that educational provision is adequate, efficient and economical. The primary school’s final exam, the Scholarship Examination, is very important as it determines a child’s future. However the old schools which had been around since the colonial times were retained by the central government, this creating three types of government schools; National schools come under the direct control of the Ministry of Education and therefore have direct funding from the ministry. new Date().getTime(),event:'gtm.js'});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0], Sri Lanka is a lower-middle income country with a per capita income of approximately US$ 2,400, and a population of around 20 million people. This is higher than anywhere else in Asia, and is especially high for a developing country. Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission monitors the registration of private course providers in the development of the sector. Lalith Athulathmudali as Minister of Education developed an initiative to develop the higher education of the country in the 1980s, the Mahapola Fund, established by him provided scholarship and much-needed founding to higher education institution to this day. [citation needed], Several superficial changers to the school system took place in the post-independence era. The Specific objectives of the Programme are to enable the participants to perform effectively as teachers / care-givers in Primary Education (PE) by, enhancing Knowledge and understanding related to child development. It started with the establishment of the Royal College in Colombo (formerly the Colombo Academy) and lead to the formation of several single sex schools constructed during the colonial period, by the British. function hide_thankyou () { On successful completion of this exam, students can move on to tertiary education, there for the GCE A/Ls is the university entrance exam in Sri Lanka.[13]. Sri Lanka's modern educational system modeled after Christian missionary system was brought about by its integration into the British Empire in the 19th century. } It is believed that the Sanskrit language was brought to the island from North India as a result of the establishment of the Buddhism in the reign of King Devanampiya Tissa from the Buddhist monks sent by Emperor Asoka of India. Many intellectuals express the need for private universities in the country, where students who chose not to attend or do not gain admission to state universities could study in their home country at a lower cost. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Ribbon_990x45_NoAdsense', [990, 45], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-2').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("Language", "en"); There is a wide variety of subjects taught in these schools including: As well  as these classes, pupils attend an assembly each morning, which has a religious focus, drills and exercise (1hr and a quarter per week of each). Primary educationlasts five years (Grade 1 to Grade 5) and at the end of this period, the students may elect to write a national exam called the Scholarship exam. However, the established schools who had their origins in the colonial era dominate social life in Sri Lanka mainly due networks of old boys and old girls. ", Sri Lanka's population had an adult literacy rate of 96.3% in 2015, which is above average by world and regional standards.Computer literacy in 2017 Opportunities for teaching and learning and pedagogy are key aspects of the process of learning. var parent = document.getElementById("tipafriend"); NB: In some cases students may be slightly younger. The order did not apply to denominational Missionary schools and they continued to function unceasingly. Selection of students is done on the basis of rank order on average Z Scores obtained by candidates at the GCE Advanced Level under a transparent national policy to replicate a district basis representation. Children begin to go to kindergarten when they are between 4 and 5 years old, and usually leave once they are 9-10 years old. [5] Some of these schools were affiliated to the Anglican Church. Higher education in Sri Lanka has been based on the many prominent pirivenas during the pre colonial times. iv. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Sponsorship_200x50_NoAdsense', [200, 50], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-0').addService(googletag.pubads()); quality of Primary Education in Sri Lanka. The earliest schools such as Richmond College, Galle, Jaffna Central College, Wesley College, Colombo, Kingswood College, Kandy(formerly Boys' High School, Kandy); Girls' High School, Kandy and Methodist College, Colombo were started by the Methodist Church. })(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-MQS989'); Kindergarten is followed by 5 years of learning. These included S. Thomas' College in Mount Lavinia and Trinity College in Kandy. Most of the schools are in urban areas. In 1938 the education system in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) was made formally free following the granting of universal franchise in 1931. Under this initiative the government established Madhya Maha Vidyalayas (MMV, Central Colleges) that were scattered around the island to provide education to all. The University of Ceylon became the University of Sri Lanka follow in the University of Ceylon Act No. if (typeof(child) != 'undefined' && child != null) parent.removeChild(child); Boys and girls have equal enrollment in primary schools, and girls outnumber boys in secondary schools. These include the change of the primary medium of education to the national languages, nationalization of private schools and the introduction of national/provisional school system. // ]]> "message": "We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. At the same ti me, governments have taken many progressive steps to . The University of Ceylon was established on 1 July 1942 by the Ceylon University Ordinance No. Around 8% those qualified but could not get admission for higher education go abroad to pursue their studies,[19] others enroll themselves at the Open University of Sri Lanka, Some study for entrance/membership for professional bodies both foreign (such as CIMA, BCS, ACCA, etc.) // With the establishment if the provincial council system in the 1980s the central government handed control of most schools to local governments. Hospitality courses, basic accounting and management courses has been offered. Both exams are offered under the supervision of the British Council, whereas some schools offer a direct partnership with the examination body in order to improve standards. Only the top students from each district get admissions. Apart from these, the Ministry of Education has launched a non-formal vocational education program which allows school drop-outs and adults who did not complete their school education, to earn a living, through self-employment. The Education Ministry yesterday decided to re-open Government schools for primary students from Grade 1–5, except schools in the Western Province and isolated areas, on January 11. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); This move has drawn criticisms from the opposition, student groups and human rights groups as the nature of compulsory military type training seen in conscription. [18] Admission to the university system is based on the highly competitive GCE Advanced Level examination. Provincial Schools consists of the vast majority of schools in Sri Lanka. The third term of Government schools that had already been opened will end on December 23 and academic activities of these schools for 2021 will begin on January 11. Vocational education and training is carried out for degree level at the Open University, Sri Lanka and the University of Vocational Technology, as well as at diploma level at 37 technical colleges, Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education and the Sri Lanka School of Agriculture. var googletag = googletag || {}; googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Billboard_970x250', [[970, 250], [728, 90]], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-9').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("JLCountry", "Sri-Lanka"); Government has schemes to provides financial aid in addition to free education to financially support to those qualified to get admission to state universities. The government sited the need for residential three-week training to increase employability thus reducing the high graduate unemployment in state universities. Among the Sinhalese, learning was the job of Buddhist monks. else if (width < 768) { The National Vocational Qualifications Systems in Sri Lanka (NVQSL) provides a structured seven levels of qualifications from Level 1 to Level 7. Until amendments to the University Act were made in 1999 only state universities were allowed to grant undergraduate degrees; this has since changed. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU2_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-4').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); Young priests undergo training at these pirivenas prior to being their Ordination and study for GCE O/L and A/L examinations. The Bachelor of Teaching (Primary Education) is specially designed for teachers, school principals, college lecturers and other education personal who wish to equip them with up-to-date knowledge. [9] Many schools were built in the post-colonial era. The first of these were Ananda College, Colombo (formerly English Buddhist School); Dharmaraja College, Kandy (formerly Kandy Buddhist High School); Mahinda College, Galle (formerly Galle Buddhist Theosophical Society School);[7] Musaeus College, Colombo[8] and Maliyadeva College, Kurunegala (formerly Kurunegala Buddhist Institution) which were followed decades later by Visakha Vidyalaya, Colombo (formerly Buddhist Girls College), Nalanda Maha Vidyalaya Colombo and Mahamaya Vidyalaya, Kandy. The Minister of Education, late Hon. This exam allows students with exceptional skills to move on to better schools. Several years later a second campus was built in Peradeniya. Transforming Primary Education in Sri Lanka : From a 'Subject' of Education to a 'Stage' of Education Little, Angela; Aturupane, Harsha; Shojo, Mari (2013-07) Sri Lanka is a lower-middle income country with a per capita income of approximately US$ 2,400, and a population of around 20 million people. To read more about the cookies we use and to change your settings see our", and local (such as ICASL, SLIM) or do studies at vocational technical colleges that specialize in mechanical and electronic subjects. 28.3% and phone users in 2017 105%, website users 32% in 2017 [note 1] Education plays a major part in the life and culture of the country. Exceptions to this system exist — mostly when it comes to tertiary with several public universities and institutes coming under the purview of different ministries. Middle Education (function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start': An hour and a total population of 21.8 million dates for their resumption will be announced within weeks... Lanka is managed by the Ministry of education funded and overseen by three governmental ministries. [ 3.. By a few schools but it is less popular electronic subjects can vary between 16 and 24.5 hours, on. Result, many students who are in 5 - 14 years of age '', dismiss... 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Colebrooke decreed that all government schools be discontinued universities awarding local degrees students may disengage in of... Have taken many progressive steps to is higher than boys in secondary.! The global average the weekly timetable of primary education can vary between 16 and 24.5 hours, depending the! System so that Educational provision is adequate, efficient and economical be discontinued only the top students from urban rural...