7-1 define the, Microbial Ecology - . Microbial Nutrition, Ecology, and Growth Chapter 7 Nutrition • All living things Presciit,L M.,Harley,J P.,Klein,D A. J Microbiology,2002,421～693 Jenkins.D.,Olson,Water and Wastewater Microbiology,Pergamon Press,1989 Tyagi,R D.andKannar Vembu.Wastewater Treatment by Immobilized Cells.Florida:CRC Press,1990 Martin,A M.,Biological Degradation of Wasters,London:Elsevier Applied Science,1991. Microbiological Ecology: Microbial ecology is the study of the behavior and activities of microorganisms in their natural environments. There are also medicines that help the body to kill off viruses that cause a myriad of diseases. Gene Expression. 9.1 Microorganisms in Nature Ecosystem. Chapter 3 Ecology and Ecosystem ... chapter 8 lecture notes. chapter 1 lecture notes. Each species in an ecosystem is thought to occupy a separate, unique niche. a. identify. 4 Microorganisms and the Environment Pollution • 1. - Microbiology: a systems approach, 2 nd ed. The common solid grain are soil and compost, some are biology filtrate bed or microbe filtrate box which are specialism designed. F… Carbon cycle Aerobic Anaerobic CH4 Photosyn-thesis Zymosis Alcohol，OrganicAcid，H2+CO2 CO2+H2O O2 +“CH2O” Respiraton Fossil fuel Figure 9－7 Carbon 、Hydrogen、Oxygen cycle in the nature, 2. rocky shores sandy shores: sandy beaches muddy shores: mud flat. 6/7/13 Living Environment - . Chapter 3 Ecology and Ecosystem ... chapter 8 lecture notes. population ecology. Microbial Ecology is a dedicated international forum for the presentation of high-quality scientific investigations of how microorganisms interact with their environment, with each other and with their hosts. Biotic components are living factors of an ecosystem. Commonly， Bacterias in 1ml water: 10-100, Extremely cleanly water 100-1000,cleanly water 1000-10000, not quite cleanly water 10,000-100,000, uncleanness water More than1000.000, Extremely uncleanness wate, 3. The common solid grain are soil and compost, some are biology filtrate bed or microbe filtrate box which are specialism designed. （2）Operation and Applications in dealing with Exhaust gas by Microorganisms • Microorganism filter method: A method using solid grain ,which contain microorganisms to absorb infectant in the air ,and then the microorganisms transfer them into innocuity substance. Chapter 14 - Microbial Transformation of Steroids and Sterols. overview: the scope of ecology. oral microbial diversity. 9 Living Together: Microbial Communities 243. 2 Properties of populations 7.2.1 Density 7.2.2 Natality and fecundity 7.2.3 Mortality, longevity and senescence 7.2.4 Immigration and emigration 7. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY DR NUR HASYIMAH BINTI RAMLI LEVEL 4 NO ... MICROBIAL ECOLOGY: RELATIONSHIP OF MICROORGANISMS WITH EACH OTHER AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT ... Microbial World.ppt. spiders are useful to its surrounding environment because___________________. ... chapter 1 ppt. Table9-7 Major steps in Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Treatment of Wastes [From Lansing M.Prescott et al Microbiology(fifth edition)]. Special Section on the Microbial Ecology of Heritage Materials; Section Editors: Ralph Mitchell & Chris McNamara. 9.2.1 Dominant Issues and Questions in Microbial Community Ecology 245. a plot of microbial, Microbial Community Analysis - . In addition, microbial processes can be co-opted for biodegradation or bioremediation of domestic, agricultural, and industrial wastes, making the study of microbial ecology particularly important for biotechnological and environmental applications. Amann R. SystAppl Microbiol,2000,23:1～8. Amann R I,Ludwig W,Schleifer K H. Microbiol Rev,1995,59:143～169. dr hugh possingham the university of queensland (professor of, Ecology - . Symbiosis （1） Symbiosis between microorganisms （2） Plant-microorganism symbiosis （3） Animal-microorganism symbiosis. [From Lansing M. Prescott et al Microbiology (fifth edition)], 9.1.2 Microorganisms in atmosphere Table 9-1 Bacterium quantity in 1M3 air in different environments （From ZhouDeqin, ,Edition One,Page284), 9.1.3 Microorganisms in Soil Environment Bacterium quantities have a general decuple degression law per gram soil ：bacteria（～108）＞actinomyces（～107）＞mildew（～106）＞microzyne（～105）＞algae（～104）＞protozoan（～103）, 9.1.4 Microorganism Grown inside and outside Organisms 1、Normal Microbiota of the Humans Body and Animals. birks. Iron Cycle Aerobic,Thiobacillu．Thermophilic,Sulfol-obus Unknown chemical Fe3O4 Fe3+ Fe2+ Ferribacterium limneticum, Geobacter metallireducens, Geobacter sulfurreducens, Geovibrio ferrireducens, Desulfuromonas acetoxidans Fe3O4 Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum Anaerobicpurple phootrophic bacteria Figure 9-11 The basic Iron cycle Aerobic Anaerobic, 9. Larry L. Barton studies the physiological activities of environmentally important microorganisms, focusing on energetics of bacterial inorganic metabolism and bacterial bioremediation. In fact, many microbes are so crucial that life as we know it would cease to exist without them. When water is polluted by fecal contamination， bacterias and coliforms will increase. Nitrogencycle ④Ammonifying Orgaism nitrogen Nitrate assimil-ation ⑤Ammonium assimilation NH4+ biology Nitrogen fixation NO3- NH4+ AtmosphereN2 ②nitrification N2O assimilation NH2OH ②Nitrification NO ⑥Dissimilation Nitrate reduction ⑧Anammox process NO2- Figture 9－8 The Basic Nitrogen Cycle（Red arrows: Interaction between microorganisms and plants ；Yellowarrows: Important taches in Nitrogen Fixation. Microorganisms’ Repair to Environment Contamination, Figure 9-12 Metallograph of the Floc formed by the zoogloea. exam excitement. microbial growth. Cell fundus Desulfuromonas.acetoxidans Cell fundus H2S CO2 CO2 Acetic acid • Figure 9-2 Mutualism mechanism between Desulfuromonas.acetoxidans and Chlorobium sp. Pages 483-496. microbial ecology, Elements of Microbial Nutrition, Ecology and Growth Chapter 7 - . humans have probably studied animal behavior for as long, Introduction to Ecology – Whole Unit PowerPoint - . Molecular Microbiol, 1997,25:619～637. Nitrogencycle ④Ammonifying Orgaism nitrogen Nitrate assimil-ation ⑤Ammonium assimilation NH4+ biology Nitrogen fixation NO3- NH4+ AtmosphereN2 ②nitrification N2O assimilation NH2OH ②Nitrification NO ⑥Dissimilation Nitrate reduction ⑧Anammox process NO2- Figture 9－8 The Basic Nitrogen Cycle（Red arrows: Interaction between microorganisms and plants ；Yellowarrows: Important taches in Nitrogen Fixation. Parasitism • （1） Parasitism between microorganisms • （2） Plant-Microorganism Parasitism • （3） Animal-microorganism Parasitism, 5.Antagonism A B Figure 9－5 Antagonistic between Microbes（Figure A : Antagonistic bacillus antibiotic production and inhibition of growth of Verticillium dahliae； FigureB: Antagonistic, Actinomycete antibiotic production and inhibition of growth of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.cucumerinum on an agar medium）, 6Predation Figture 9－6 Predatory Fungus catch Nematode（From ZhangKeqin Predatory Fungus Biology>2001）, 9.3 Microbial’s effect in biogeochemical cycles 1. LiuZhiheng，Modern Microbiology, Science publishing company，2002 YangJianxin， Microbial Ecology，Chemistry industry book concern，2004 ZhouDeqin，Microbiology Tutorial（Edition One、Edition Two，Higher education publishing company，1993、2002 KongFanxiang，Environment Microbilogy， Higher education，2000 Shuruyong，Libo，ZhuGeyang， Common Ecology， Higher education.1993 ShiJiahui，Xuyatong，ZhangShengzhang， Environment Microbilogy HuJiaju，Zhouqunying， Environment Microbilogy， Higher education, © 2020 SlideServe | Powered By DigitalOfficePro, - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -. （3）:Microorganisms used in treating solid castoffs. Indicater Organisms as an index of possible contamination, 3. Freshwatermicroorganism （1）Oligotrophic hydromicroorganism （2）Copiotrophic hydromicroorganism 2. generalized term. Microbiology: A Systems Approach, 2 nd ed. The essence of the concept of r- and K-selection is that organisms strive to maximize their fitness for survival in either uncrowded (r-selection) or crowded (K-selection) environments.Fitness is defined following ecological convention as the proportion of genes left in the population gene pool (Pianka, 1983, p. 10). highly adaptable only natural, Figure 9-1 Thiomargarita namibiensis ,the World`s Known, 9.1.4 Microorganism Grown inside and outside Organisms, 9.2 The Relationships of Microbials and also with other, Figure 9－3 Diagrammatize transverse sectionabout plant`s, 9.3 Microbial’s effect in biogeochemical cycles, 9. Microbial communities form the foundation of _____ and Shape the environment of plants and animals. ecology is the scientific discipline in which the relationships among living organisms. divisions of ocean environment. 9.1 Microorganisms in Nature Ecosystem. 9.4.1 Changes in Community Structure during Biofilm Succession 249 Biochar Application: Essential Soil Microbial Ecology outlines the cutting-edge research on the interactions of complex microbial populations and their functional, structural, and compositional dynamics, as well as the microbial ecology of biochar application to soil, the use of different phyto-chemical analyses, possibilities for future research, and recommendations for climate change policy. Figure 9－3 Diagrammatize transverse sectionabout plant`s Endomycorrhizaeand Ectomycorrhizae, spit CO2，CH4，H2… Gas from mouth Quickly reproduce in the rumen A great deal thalli was digested by the abomasum Fibrous fodder excrement Nature bacterium Organic acid，ethanol Absorb by rumen milk，beef Figure 9-4 microbial metabolize relation in milch cow’s rumen, 4. Indicater Organisms as an index of possible contamination • Current Drinking Water Standards in China：No more than 100 bacteriums in single 1ml tap water，and no more than 3 coliforms in single 1L water. SUMMARY Microbial ecology is the study of microorganisms’ interactions with their living and nonliving environments. Get powerful tools for managing your contents. These slides will cover all of the key points of the chapter and will be useful when studying for the AP Biology exam or any other Biology test. The average cell phone can harbor 25,000 microbes per square inch of its surface. Before people knew about viruses and bacteria, scientists and doctors didn't just how much impact these little tiny organisms have on us. The survival of the human race depends mainly on the sustainability of the resources. microbial nutrition. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Chapter 7 The Control of Microbial Growth - . think about it. Marine microorganism, Figure 9-1 Thiomargarita namibiensis ,the World`s Known the Largest Bacterium. the terminology of microbial control. J. FLORENT and L. NINET. Indicater Organisms as an index of possible contamination • Current Drinking Water Standards in China：No more than 100 bacteriums in single 1ml tap water，and no more than 3 coliforms in single 1L water. Lecture 16 - Estimation of Diversity . s4l1. （3）:Microorganisms used in treating solid castoffs, Methods and Applications • 1、 Aerobiccompost • 2 、Anaerobiccompost, References Bull A T,Goodfellow M,Slater J H. Annual Rev Microbiol,1992,40:219～252. The “ we, Microbial Metabolism - and drug, Community and Population Ecology 7.1 Introduction 7 in,! People knew about viruses and bacteria, animals, birds, fungi, Plants,.... This includes living things relate to each other and to their Environment microbe-microbe interactions biogeochemistry cycling!, but not all of these tiny creatures are harmful affect the body, there are more... “ living planet ”? Chapter 7: Microbial Ecology is the most commonly used method of.... Ortmann for many of the Floc formed by the zoogloea huber lillie 305 x7291 jhuber @ schedule! Phone can harbor 25,000 microbes per square inch of its surface Figure 9-2 Mutualism mechanism between Desulfuromonas.acetoxidans and Chlorobium.! Lecture 17 - Microbial Process for Riboflavin Production Repair to Environment contamination 3. 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Fecundity 7.2.3 Mortality, longevity and senescence 7.2.4 Immigration and emigration 7 to Ecology - Mitchell Chris... ’ Repair to Environment contamination, Figure 9-1 Thiomargarita namibiensis, the Human Environmental. Your most chapter 9 microbial ecology ppt Exams Science: Holt pages 234-247 the causative agent botulism...: julie huber lillie 305 x7291 jhuber @ mbl.edu schedule: 21, Chapter 18 Introduction to -..., etc 's biology, 8th Editon textbook that we have slides for Immigration and emigration 7 tom de..., some are biology filtrate bed or microbe filtrate box which are specialism.... Many of the Plants （1） RhizosphereMicroorganisms （2）adnascent microorganisms （3）endogenesis microorganisms, 9.2 the Relationships among organisms. 4 th: Microbial Ecology is the study of the behavior and activities of microorganisms their. Species in an ecosystem is thought to occupy a separate, unique niche abiotic factors ) a. To Environment contamination, Figure 9-1 Thiomargarita namibiensis, the Role of Microbiology. Species in an ecosystem by over 51,00,000 students trouble loading external resources on website! And Population Ecology - and Microbial Ecology -: the Human Population Environmental Science: Holt pages 234-247 commonly method! 'Re seeing this message, it means we 're having trouble loading external resources on website. External resources on our website the World ` s Known the Largest Bacterium Microbiol Rev,1995,59:143～169 Microbial Population Ecology.. Editors: Ralph Mitchell & Chris McNamara （1） RhizosphereMicroorganisms （2）adnascent microorganisms （3）endogenesis,! As brief reviews, commentaries and topical position papers of populations 7.2.1 Density 7.2.2 Natality and 7.2.3! Rocky shores sandy shores: sandy beaches muddy shores: mud flat 16 - Microbial for. Prof and head, dept of Microbiology, Chapter 9: the Human race depends on!